One third of late-onset epilepsy have no known etiology. Cognitive symptoms are common with LOE and a third of these patients have mild cognitive impairment. Some patients with LOE have transient epileptic amnesia (TEA), while others develop neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies. Autoimmune causes have variable clinical presentations.
Incorporate ethics approaches and use human values to guide innovation in research and technology for drug resistant epilepsy (DRE).
For example, a patient with as yet unexplained non-acquired epilepsy should be considered to have genetic epilepsy until proven otherwise and appropriately evaluated. If the first line of evaluation is unrevealing he or she should have an iterative re-analysis of cause in tandem with empiric therapy.... more »